A New Impact Crater Near NASA
NASA/JPL/University of Arizona
A New Impact Crater Near NASA's InSight Landing Region
ESP_037328_1845  Science Theme: Future Exploration/Landing Sites
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InSight (Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport) is a NASA Discovery Program mission that will place a single geophysical lander on Mars in September 2016 to study its deep interior.

InSight needs seismic signals, and one sure way to get them is from the impact of bolides onto Mars. InSight can detect large impacts that are far from the lander and smaller impacts that are closer.

This recent HiRISE image, acquired to certify a landing site for the mission, shows a distinctive crater with a very sharp rim and ejecta that is darker and bluer than almost all of this dust-covered region. This must be a very recent impact because there hasn't been sufficient time for atmospheric dust to settle over this spot and re-brighten the surface.

In fact, previous images suggest it formed between 2008 and 2012. This illustrates the type of feature that orbiting cameras will search for during the InSight mission, to attempt to correlate seismic signals to the point of origin.

Written by: Alfred McEwen (audio: Tre Gibbs)  (27 August 2014)

This is a stereo pair with ESP_037684_1845.
 
Acquisition date
14 July 2014

Local Mars time
15:43

Latitude (centered)
4.338°

Longitude (East)
135.253°

Spacecraft altitude
272.6 km (169.4 miles)

Original image scale range
27.4 cm/pixel (with 1 x 1 binning) so objects ~82 cm across are resolved

Map projected scale
25 cm/pixel and North is up

Map projection
Equirectangular

Emission angle
6.0°

Phase angle
49.8°

Solar incidence angle
56°, with the Sun about 34° above the horizon

Solar longitude
161.1°, Northern Summer

For non-map projected images
North azimuth:  97°
Sub-solar azimuth:  12.1°
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JP2 EXTRAS
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map-projected  (682MB)
non-map           (714MB)

IRB color
map projected  (332MB)
non-map           (633MB)

Merged IRB
map projected  (337MB)

Merged RGB
map-projected  (345MB)

RGB color
non map           (584MB)
ANAGLYPHS
Map-projected, reduced-resolution
Full resolution JP2 download
Anaglyph details page

DIGITAL TERRAIN MODEL (DTM)
DTM details page

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
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EDR products
HiView

NB
IRB: infrared-red-blue
RGB: red-green-blue
About color products (PDF)

Black & white is 5 km across; enhanced color about 1 km
For scale, use JPEG/JP2 black & white map-projected images

USAGE POLICY
All of the images produced by HiRISE and accessible on this site are within the public domain: there are no restrictions on their usage by anyone in the public, including news or science organizations. We do ask for a credit line where possible:
NASA/JPL/University of Arizona

POSTSCRIPT
NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, Calif., manages the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter for NASA’s Science Mission Directorate, Washington. The HiRISE camera was built by Ball Aerospace and Technology Corporation and is operated by the University of Arizona.