Geologic Contacts Near Ganges Chasma
NASA/JPL/UArizona
Geologic Contacts Near Ganges Chasma
PSP_005082_1700  Science Theme: Geologic Contacts/Stratigraphy

WALLPAPER
800
1024
1152



PSP_005082_1700 shows an assemblage of interesting terrain contacts located west of Ganges Chasma, a Martian canyon part of the equatorial Valles Marineris system.

The top portion of the image shows mottled plains that are covered in craters. It is possible that the plains are eroding and exposing (“exhuming”) craters that formed long ago and were since buried. A crater that is being uncovered can look like a faint ring, of which many examples are visible here. The edge of the plains is marked by a cliff located approximately halfway down the image. This cliff is the wall of a valley that might have once flowed into the enclosed trough, Ophir Cavus, located directly south of it.

Ophir Cavus is seen to have landslides on both of its walls. It contains dunes and what appears to be a coherent mass of material on its floor that is probably eroding. It also has a series of layers around its rim. These layers probably continue under the surrounding plains.

South of Ophir Cavus, located at the bottom of the image, are plains that have a much different appearance from the plains at the top. These plains have a few craters that might be exhumed, but also several fresher ones. The fresher craters have darker bottoms, implying that the depth to which these craters disturbed the surface corresponds with a darker layer. Some of the dark-bottomed craters have faint dark rays that have not been blown away by the wind; this also verifies that they are relatively recently formed.

The floor of the valley also has a large number of craters, many of which are small. The majority of these craters have a bright tail pointing in the southwest direction (see subimage, approximately 950 meters across; 1928 x 1346; 7 MB). This indicates that the wind was probably blowing from the northeast when these craters formed. Since wind directions change frequently on Mars, it is possible that a large number of the valley’s craters formed at the same time. This suggests that they are secondary craters: craters that form when material thrown out from a bigger impact is moving fast enough to create these craters. Secondary craters commonly form in clumps, also seen in the subimage.

Please note that the vertical stripes seen in the image are camera artifacts. They are not real features.

Written by: Kelly Kolb  (5 September 2007)

This is a stereo pair with ESP_011991_1700.
 
Acquisition date
27 August 2007

Local Mars time
14:23

Latitude (centered)
-9.686°

Longitude (East)
305.083°

Spacecraft altitude
259.7 km (161.4 miles)

Original image scale range
52.1 cm/pixel (with 2 x 2 binning) so objects ~156 cm across are resolved

Map projected scale
50 cm/pixel and North is up

Map projection
Equirectangular

Emission angle
3.1°

Phase angle
33.2°

Solar incidence angle
36°, with the Sun about 54° above the horizon

Solar longitude
303.1°, Northern Winter

For non-map projected images
North azimuth:  97°
Sub-solar azimuth:  343.9°
JPEG
Black and white
map projected  non-map

IRB color
map projected  non-map

Merged IRB
map projected

Merged RGB
map projected

RGB color
non-map projected

JP2
Black and white
map-projected   (787MB)

IRB color
map-projected   (339MB)

JP2 EXTRAS
Black and white
map-projected  (433MB)
non-map           (502MB)

IRB color
map projected  (256MB)
non-map           (443MB)

Merged IRB
map projected  (882MB)

Merged RGB
map-projected  (827MB)

RGB color
non map           (411MB)
ANAGLYPHS
Map-projected, reduced-resolution
Full resolution JP2 download
Anaglyph details page

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
B&W label
Color label
Merged IRB label
Merged RGB label
EDR products
HiView

NB
IRB: infrared-red-blue
RGB: red-green-blue
About color products (PDF)

Black & white is 5 km across; enhanced color about 1 km
For scale, use JPEG/JP2 black & white map-projected images

USAGE POLICY
All of the images produced by HiRISE and accessible on this site are within the public domain: there are no restrictions on their usage by anyone in the public, including news or science organizations. We do ask for a credit line where possible:
NASA/JPL/University of Arizona

POSTSCRIPT
NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, Calif., manages the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter for NASA’s Science Mission Directorate, Washington. The HiRISE camera was built by Ball Aerospace and Technology Corporation and is operated by the University of Arizona.