Evidence of Multiple Episodes of Gully Formation
NASA/JPL/UArizona
Evidence of Multiple Episodes of Gully Formation
PSP_001684_1410  Science Theme: Fluvial Processes
This observation shows gullies in a crater in Terra Sirenum. The gullies unusually emanate from different elevations along the crater wall. Several of the gullies are extremely developed and incised, while others have very narrow, shallow channels.

Many of the gullies appear to have extensive debris aprons, but that could be deceiving. Based on their surroundings, the topography underlying the debris aprons is likely not flat or gently sloping. This might cause the debris apron material to cover a wider surface area, without being as large of a volume as it might appear visually, than it otherwise would.

The subimage shows a gully with many channels. Several of the channels overlap or are overlapped by debris aprons suggesting that multiple flow episodes occurred here. In particular, there is a large channel that sticks out from underneath the main debris apron with a debris apron of its own. If this channel originated where the alcove currently is, then it is possible that the past flow contained more liquid and that the source of liquid to form the gullies in this region is now available in smaller amounts for an unknown reason.



Written by: Kelly Kolb  (31 January 2007)

This is a stereo pair with PSP_002027_1410.
 
Acquisition date
05 December 2006

Local Mars time
15:45

Latitude (centered)
-38.864°

Longitude (East)
196.019°

Spacecraft altitude
250.8 km (155.9 miles)

Original image scale range
25.3 cm/pixel (with 1 x 1 binning) so objects ~76 cm across are resolved

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25 cm/pixel and North is up

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Equirectangular

Emission angle
7.3°

Phase angle
69.1°

Solar incidence angle
74°, with the Sun about 16° above the horizon

Solar longitude
145.8°, Northern Summer

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North azimuth:  97°
Sub-solar azimuth:  39.1°
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POSTSCRIPT
NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, Calif., manages the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter for NASA’s Science Mission Directorate, Washington. The HiRISE camera was built by Ball Aerospace and Technology Corporation and is operated by the University of Arizona.