Opportunity at the Edge of Concepcion Crater
Opportunity at the Edge of Concepcion Crater
ESP_016644_1780  Science Theme: Future Exploration/Landing Sites
This image shows the Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity perched on the edge of Concepción Crater in Meridiani Planum, Mars.

Concepción Crater is a fresh, 10 meter-diameter crater with dark rays that clearly overprint the north trending aeolian ripples. The dark rays are produced by shadows cast by blocky ejecta and the presence of the rays and similar relationships with other fresh craters in Meridiani Planum indicate that this is likely the youngest crater visited by either rover on Mars (estimated to have impacted thousands to tens of thousands of years ago).

This image was acquired by HiRISE on 13 February 2010, on sol 2153 of Opportunity’s mission on Mars. Note the rover tracks in the ripples to the north and northwest of the rover. Scientists use these high-resolution images (about 25 cm/pixel) to help navigate the rover. In addition, rover exploration of areas covered by such high-resolution images provides “ground truth” for the orbital data.

Written by: Matthew Golombek  (24 March 2010)

Acquisition date
13 February 2010

Local Mars time

Latitude (centered)

Longitude (East)

Spacecraft altitude
269.8 km (167.7 miles)

Original image scale range
27.0 cm/pixel (with 1 x 1 binning) so objects ~81 cm across are resolved

Map projected scale
25 cm/pixel and North is up

Map projection

Emission angle

Phase angle

Solar incidence angle
49°, with the Sun about 41° above the horizon

Solar longitude
51.1°, Northern Spring

For non-map projected images
North azimuth:  97°
Sub-solar azimuth:  33.7°
Black and white
map projected  non-map

IRB color
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Merged IRB
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RGB color
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IRB color
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Black and white
map-projected  (706MB)
non-map           (723MB)

IRB color
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non-map           (669MB)

Merged IRB
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Merged RGB
map-projected  (366MB)

RGB color
non map           (663MB)
B&W label
Color label
Merged IRB label
Merged RGB label
EDR products

IRB: infrared-red-blue
RGB: red-green-blue
About color products (PDF)

Black & white is 5 km across; enhanced color about 1 km
For scale, use JPEG/JP2 black & white map-projected images

All of the images produced by HiRISE and accessible on this site are within the public domain: there are no restrictions on their usage by anyone in the public, including news or science organizations. We do ask for a credit line where possible:

NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, Calif., manages the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter for NASA’s Science Mission Directorate, Washington. The HiRISE camera was built by Ball Aerospace and Technology Corporation and is operated by the University of Arizona.