Gully Monitoring on Crater Slopes in Terra Sirenum
NASA/JPL/University of Arizona
Gully Monitoring on Crater Slopes in Terra Sirenum
ESP_027343_1410  Science Theme: Mass Wasting Processes
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These crater gullies lie on the northern wall of an unnamed 9-kilometer diameter southern hemisphere crater in Terra Sirenum. The image was acquired during early winter in the southern hemisphere, so the crater wall is in shadow.

These gullies were first imaged by HiRISE in 2006. Since that time the possible role of seasonal frost in gully formation along with the association of polygonal terrain with these and other gullies has garnered considerable interest. As a result, these gullies have become one of several locations being monitored by HiRISE throughout multiple Mars years. Over a dozen images of these gullies have been acquired to date throughout different Mars seasons.

In this image, frost (likely water-ice) is once again forming on these southern hemisphere mid-latitude crater slopes. The subimage shows gullies on the shadowed polar-facing slope. The large dynamic range of the HiRISE camera allows one to see into the shadows dimly lit by sunlight scattered by the surface and the atmosphere. These gullies are thinly veiled with frost and range in width from several meters to tens of meters and in length from a couple kilometers or so. Dark regions within the gullies are warmer areas where frost likely evaporated or melted exposing the darker underlying surface.

Written by: Ginny Gulick (audio by Tre Gibbs)   (18 July 2012)

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Acquisition date:27 May 2012 Local Mars time:15:28
Latitude (centered):-38.898° Longitude (East):223.657°
Range to target site:251.3 km (157.1 miles)Original image scale range:50.3 cm/pixel (with 2 x 2 binning) so objects ~151 cm across are resolved
Map projected scale:50 cm/pixel and North is upMap projection:Equirectangular
Emission angle:2.5° Phase angle:80.2°
Solar incidence angle:78°, with the Sun about 12° above the horizon Solar longitude:116.1°, Northern Summer

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